Domain Name Glossary

Glossary-of-domain-name

What is a domain name

Domains are web addresses which help to communicate on the Internet.  A domain name is a human readable and memorable representation of an IP address. We can easily remember the domain name when compare to an IP.

A domain name not only makes it easy for customers to find your business, it also gives you a place where you can create your own unique online presence, such as an online store .. etc.

What is in a Domain Name

Each part of the domain name provides specific information. This contains two parts, one is top-level domain (TLD) and another one is second-level domain (SLD). 

In the domain name FastWebHost.in, the TLD is ".in" and the SLD is "FastWebHost." The SLD is where your creativity and originality comes in.

What is DNS?

DNS stands for Domain Name System, it translates domain and host names to IP addresses and vice versa.

On the Internet, DNS automatically converts between the names we type in our web browser address bar to the IP addresses of web servers hosting those sites.

What are name servers?

Name Servers are the primary records in DNS that make an IP address answer back to a domain name on a server. If  the name servers are not updated then the only way to check is with the use of IP addresses to pull up websites rather than a domain name, which would make web addresses a lot harder to remember.

Every web site has two name servers to which it is pointed, and this process must be done by the hosting company upon purchasing a domain and a hosting account.

What are Private Name Servers and it's benefits?

Private name servers are your own DNS name servers, for example ns1.yourdomain.com and ns2.yourdomain.com.

Other than  branding reasons, there are no other real benefits. Many resellers choose to have their own private name servers for simply branding reasons.

What is registry, registrar and registrant?

There are three different roles that participate in the domain name registration process.

Registry

 A domain registry is an organization that manages top-level domains. They create domain name extensions, set the rules for that domain name and work with registrars to sell domain names to the public.

 For example, VeriSign manages the registration of .com domains and their domain name system (DNS).

Registrar

The registrar is an accredited organization, like public domain registry, that sells domain names to the public. Some have the ability to sell top-level domain names (TLDs) like .com, .net, and .org or country-code top-level domain names (ccTLDs) such as .us, .ca, and .eu.

Registrant

Registrant is the person or company who registers a domain name. Registrants can manage their domain name settings through their registrar. 

When changes are made to the domain, their registrar will send the information to the registry to be updated and saved in the registry’s database. When you register a domain name, you become a registrant.

What is whois?

WHOIS is a service that provides basic information about a registered domain, such as domain owner contact information, domain availability status and the company with which the domain is registered. WHOIS also provides registration and expiration dates of a domain as well as the nameservers the domain is using.

What are domain contacts?

All registered domains must include contact details. These contact details will store in a WHOIS database so that the domain owner can be contacted if necessary for various reasons.

Registrant contact

The organisation or person that has the rights to use the domain.

Administrative contact

Contact person for the domain for administrative, non-technical matters. Example, for legal matters, change of ownership, etc.

Billing contact

Contact  person or organization that will be invoiced for registrations and renewals of the domain name.

In many cases, a single person will be the registrant and sole contact for a domain name.

What is domain privacy protection?

Because of ICANN's WHOIS policy, your personal information will be publicly visible when you register a domain. By enabling the privacy protection service you can hide your information by displaying our company information rather than your own personal data. 

Your personal information stays private while you maintain complete ownership and control of your domain.

What does the domain status means?

Domain status indicates the status of domain name registration. Every domain name has atleast one status code in the registry records. There are several domain name status codes available and most of these are variations of a few basic statuses. 

Below are the few domain status codes.

Ok

This is the standard status for a domain, meaning it has no holds or restrictions.

Registrar hold

If the domain name is kept in on hold by the registrar and cannot be use or renew.

Registrar lock

Registrar lock is a safety feature that prevents unauthorized domain transfers. By default, for all domains this feature will be enabled.

Client transfer prohibited

By default the domain lock will be enable at registrar, and the domain name cannot transfer to another registrar until lock is disable. 

Pending transfer

When the domain name is in transfer process from one registrar to another is known as pending transfer. No modifications can be done during this period.

Redemption period

If you do not renew the domain within the renew grace period, it enters a "redemption period" at the registry and it will move to auction mode.

Pending restore

A domain after expiry will restores to ACTIVE status.

Pending delete

After the domain expires and no longer available to renew even in redemption period. It means it is pending for removal at the registry and it should be available in open market after they remove from their data base.

What is a domain transfer?

A domain transfer refers to the process of changing the registrar of a domain name. Once a transfer has been done, the new registrar will maintain all relevant information regarding the domain and the registrant. 

Domain names can transferable only if they completes 60 days or more at their current registrar.

What is an authorization/EPP code?

A domain Authorization code is also known as EPP code. It provides an extra level of security for the domain name registration. 

This code is unique for each domain and registrar provides this at the time of registration. You'll need an Authorization Code to transfer a domain from one registrar to another.

What is an IPS tag?

An IPS tag is the label that applies to any registrar that registers .UK domains. While there’s no Auth/EPP code for these domains, an IPS tag change is required to transfer .UK domain registrations from one registrar to another.

Conclusion

You should now familiar with domain name and other domain related words.

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